Most people associate maple trees are as a northern tree with their spectacular displays of changing leaf color in the fall. In fact there are two species of maple trees that grow well in Florida, The native red maple (Acer rubrum) and Florida maple (Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum.)
Florida's native red maple (Acer rubrum) is found throughout most of the state and grows in wet areas. While I'm not certain I believe the photo shows a Acer rubrum due to the swamp location where I came across this bright red leaf.